A healthy dog needs a healthy diet. This means that the dog should be receiving food that includes all of the major nutrients in substantial quantities, as well as all of the minor nutrients in a somewhat lesser quantity.
Proper nutrition is important to several functions of a dog’s body. It is necessary for the growth of the dog, as well as the repair of any body tissue that has sustained damage. Additionally, proper nutrition provides the energy the dog uses to go about his daily living activities. Plus, proper nutrition helps the dog’s body to provide the heat it needs to maintain its body temperature.
The major nutrients that all dogs need in their diet include carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Obviously, too much of any of these nutrients and your dog will become fat.
The carbohydrates provide the energy that your dog needs to run, play, or do just about anything. Excess carbohydrates are not good for your pet. They will not provide extra or increased energy. Too much is too much. Therefore, excess carbohydrates will simply be stored as body fat.
The fats are also needed to provide energy to the dog’s body for the same functions. In fact, ounce per ounce, fats provide double the amount of energy than carbohydrates. Therefore, too much fat should be avoided since it, too, will only be converted and stored as body fat.
The proteins provide the body building elements for your dog’s body. Proteins aid in maintaining and repairing body tissue. They are also important in the growth of the dog’s body.
The minor nutrients that all dogs need in their diet include vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. Typically, the amounts are needed in small quantities only to ensure the health of the dog. However, even though the quantity of vitamins and minerals necessary to the dog’s health are small, they are critical.
The vitamins that a dog needs are broken down into two categories: fat soluble and water soluble. Fat soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E, and K. The water soluble vitamins include vitamin C and B complex.